Ireland: Ratification of Biological Weapons Convention

State
Action type
Ratification
Depositary
Government of the United Kingdom
Date
27 October 1972
Note

Declaration:

"The accession on 29th August 1930 of the Government of the Irish Free State to the Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, opened for signature at Geneva on 17 June 1925, was subject to the reservations that they did not intend to assume by this accession any obligation except towards States which had signed and ratified this Protocol or which would have finally acceded thereto, and that in the event of the armed forces of any enemy State or of any ally of such State failing to respect the said Protocol, the Government of the Irish Free State would cease to be bound by the said Protocol towards any such State.The Government of Ireland recognise that the value of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction which has been signed on their behalf today, could be undermined if reservations made by Parties to the 1925 Geneva Protocol were allowed to stand as the prohibition of possession is incompatible with the right to retaliate. As this Convention purports to strengthen the Geneva Protocol, there should be an absolute and universal prohibition of the use of the weapons in question.  The Government of Ireland, accordingly, have notified the depository Government for the 1925 Geneva Protocol of their withdrawal of their reservations to the Protocol.  The withdrawal of these reservations applies to chemical as well as to bacteriological (biological) and toxin agents of warfare."

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